he name Sitia is old and it emanated from the name of the ancient town Itidos or Itias that was found in Eastern Crete. Students and linguists that dealt with the etymology of the name report that rather it emanates from genitive of the name Itia. n a sign from the ancient town Praissos, mentioned the Sitaitas, therefore certain linguists appreciate that it is possible to existed different town with the name Sitaia that was later changed in Sitia.But even if the name of Sitia emanates from the ancient Sitia or Sitaia it is also sure from the archaeological findings that the new town was not built in the area of the ancient town..
Time has left its marks on the landscape of Sitia – marks which the visitor sees everywhere around him. Marks of ancient civilisations such as the remarkable Minoan Palace at Zakros, the ruins of the powerful city of Presos and the remains of the pre-Minoan settlement in the fishing village of Mochlos – marks of every day life and labour immortalized in the creations of artifacts which are lovingly cared for in the local museums. When wandering around the region of Sitia, don’t be surprised by the huge number of archaeological sites you will stumble upon. This region is the cradle of European civilization, a civilization which it fed.
This well-organized beach consists of a long stretch of fine golden sand right next to the town and provides every facility the visitor might need. The beach offers a variety of water sports including jet ski, surfing, water skiing and pedalo. It has been awarded with two Blue Flags and is always busy, winter and summer. You can rent one of the fishing boats in the harbour for an unforgettable romantic evening boat ride. It is a bustling and populous beach that has been awarded 2 blue flags and rarely deserted winter – summer. From the port you can ensure the opportunity for beautiful afternoon boating with gorgeous psarokaika.
Zeus has indeed graced his birthplace with areas of great beauty ! His land is criss-crossed by gorges large and small, the scars of streams and of the sudden raging torrents that are characteristic of the region. The soft stone is easily moulded by rainfall and other harsh elements. One of the most beautiful small canyons of eastern Crete with engraved and markedroute follows the banks of small river all year round water flow has created a beautifulwaterfall.It begins just outside the village outside Mouliana and ends at the beach of the riser east of the village of Calabria. The total length of the route is approximately 3.0 km and the elevation difference between input and output is approximately 350 meters.
Toplou is a famous monastery on the eastern side of Crete, located 10km east of Sitia and 6 km north of Palekastro of Sitia. The original name of the monastery is “Panagia Akrotiriani ‘as is clear from official documents and seals of the 15th or 16th century. With the name “Toplou” is first mentioned in a Turkish document of 1673. For the origin of the monastery Toplou name we have said many versions more prevalent view that comes from the Turkish word Topkapi (= cannon) because of a small cannon that was there from the Venetian period and which not only protected the monastery from pirates and warned nearby villages.
The unique palm forest in Europe with its beautiful beach and the crystal clear sea at the north end of the province over the cape Iron is a uniquely beautiful corner of the Cretan land. The palm trees here grow naturally and clusters them cover most of the small ravine to the sea. The palm forest of Vai, one of the most famous places of the whole of Crete is flooded throughout the summer thousands of visitors, who either enjoy walks them down by about 5,000 palm trees or take a dip in the golden exotic beach. Vai besides aesthetics has high biological value. The wetland that is created between.
The Municipality of Sitia is the space revealed wonderful archaeological treasures and is characterized by imposing monuments of the past. These monuments are scattered everywhere and are works cultures and people, such as the famous Minoan palace of Zakros, the remnants of Eteocretan Praisos, the ruins of the Minoan settlement in the fishing village of Mochlos, etc. Creative deposits of people in everyday life and toil hosted today in museums, created with great care and maintained by the municipality and the cultural institutions of Visitors of Sitia surprised by the abundance of archaeological sites encountered. The eighty positions of Minoan presence hosting in soils constitute proof of the great development.